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Prikbladet perikum

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Andre navne: Hypericum perforatum, prikbladet perikon. (Eng.: St. John's Wort)

Prikbladet perikum er en lægeplante der også har fundet anvendelse som snapseurt.

Planten indeholder en lang række flygtige forbindelser i den æteriske olie, hvor hypericin, og hyperforin er de mest prominente.

Prikbladet perikum

Prikbladet perikum fra Asmild Klosterhave ved Viborg
Carbonhydrider CAS-nummer
2-Methyldecan  
Undecan  
2-Methyldodecan  
Tridecan  
1-Hexyl-2-propyl-cyclopropan  
Cyclododecan  
6,10,14-Trimethyl-2-pentadecanon  
Cyclotetradecan  
Nonadecan  
Eicosan  
3-Methylnonan  
   
   
Alkoholer  
Tridecanol  
Tetradecanol  
(Z)-3-Hexenol  
Octanol 111-87-5
Dodecanol  
Aldehyder  
Nonanal 124-19-6
(E)-2-Octenal  
(E)-2-Nonenal  
(E)-2-Undecanal  
(E,E)-2,4-Decadienal  
   
   
   
   
Ketoner  
   
   
Carboxysyrer  
Methylsalicylat  
Nonansyre  
Decansyre  
Dodecansyre  
Tetradecansyre  
Hexadecansyre  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

 
Estre CAS-nummer
Benzylisovalerat  
2-Methylbutylbenzoat  
2-Phenylethyl-2-methylbutyrat  
(z)-3-Hexen-1-ylbenzoat  
Benzylbenzoat  
Andre  
3,4-Dimethyl-5-pentyliden-2(5H)-furanon  
Salvial-4(14)-en-1-on  
1,5-Epoxysalvial(4)14-en  
2-Pentylfuran (amylfuran) 3777-69-3
Hypericin  
Hyperforin 11079-53-1
1,2,3,4,4a,6,8a-Octahydro-7-methylen-1- (1methylethyl)-naphtalen  
Terpener  
Aromadendren  
α-Bisabolol  
trans-α-Bergamotol  
β-Bourbonen  
Bicyclogermacren  
Caryophyllenoxid 1139-30-6
Caryophylla-2(12),6-dien-5α-ol (caryophyllenol I)  
Caryophylla-2(12),6(13)-dien-5α-ol (caryophylladienol II)  
α-Cubeben  
T-Cadinol  
α-Cadinol  
δ-Cadinol  
Cadinen  
p-Cymen 99-87-6
γ-Campholenaldehyd  
α-Campholenaldehyd  
Carvacrolmethylether  
Carvacrol (o-thymol) 499-75-2
cis-Caryophyllen  
β-Caryophyllen 87-44-5
Cubenol  
1-epi-Cubenol  
1,8-Cineol  
β-Chimachalen  
d-Cadinen  
γ-Cadinen  
trans-Carveol  
α-Calacoren  
γ-Calacoren  
(Z)-β-Farnesen  
(E,E)-α-Farnecen 502-61-4
(2Z,6E)-Farnesol  
β-Funebren  
3,7-Guaiadien  
Germacren D  
Globulol  
(E)-Geranylacetone  
Geraniol 106-24-1
Humulenepoxid-II  
α-Humulen (α-caryophyllen) 6753-98-6
Terpener forts. CAS-nummer
(E)-β-Ionon  
Isomenthon  
cis-Jasmon 488-10-8
Kamfer (campher) 76-22-2
Limonen 138-86-3
Linalylacetat  
Linalool 78-70-6
Ledol  
Longipinen  
   
γ-Muurolen  
γ-Himachalen  
Myrtenal  
Methyleugenol  
p-Mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol  
trans-p-Menth-2-en-1-ol  
Myrtenol  
T-Muurolol  
Myrcen 123-35-3
(E)-Nerolidol  
 
(Z)-β-Ocimen  
(E)-β-Ocimen  
   
   
α-Pinen  
β-Pinen  
β-Phellandren  
Pinacarvon  
Phytol 150-86-7
α-Selinen  
β-Selinen  
Selin-11-en-4α-ol  
Spathulenol  
   
Terpinolen  
α-Terpinen  
γ-Terpinen  
Terpinen-4-ol 562-74-3
Thymol 89-83-8
   
trans-Verbenol  
Viridiflorol  
α-Ylangen  

Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Nuriddinov, H.R., Demirci, A.B. 2002. Essential oils of two Hypericum species from Uzbekistan. Chemistry of Natural Compounds. 38(1): 54-57 (6992); Erken, S., Malyer, H., Demirci, F., Demirci, B., Baser, K.H.C. 2001. Chemical investigation on some Hypericum species growing in Turkey - I. Chemistry of Natural Compunds 37(5):434-438 (6991); Gudzic, B., Nedeljkovic, J.M., Dordevic, S., Comor, J.J. 1997. Composition and anti-microbial activity of essential oil of hyperici herb (Hypericum perforatum L.) from Vlasina region. University of Nis. The Scientific Journal Facta Universitatis. 1(4):47-51 (6990).

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